ant

[OE] The word ant appears to carry the etymological sense ‘creature that cuts off or bites off’. Its Old English form, æmette, was derived from a hypothetical Germanic compound *aimaitjōn, formed from the prefix *ai- ‘off, away’ and the root *mait- ‘cut’ (modern German has the verb meissen ‘chisel, carve’): thus, ‘the biter’. The Old English word later developed along two distinct strands: in one, it became emmet, which survived into the 20th century as a dialectal form; while in the other it progressed through amete and ampte to modern English ant. If the notion of ‘biting’ in the naming of the ant is restricted to the Germanic languages (German has ameise), the observation that it and its nest smell of urine has been brought into play far more widely. The Indo-European root *meigh-, from which ultimately we get micturate ‘urinate’ [18], was also the source of several words for ‘ant’, including Greek múrmēx (origin of English myrmecology ‘study of ants’, and also perhaps of myrmidon [14] ‘faithful follower’, from the Myrmidons, a legendary Greek people who loyally followed their king Achilles in the Trojan war, and who were said originally to have been created from ants), Latin formīca (hence English formic acid [18], produced by ants, and formaldehyde [19]), and Danish myre. It also produced Middle English mire ‘ant’, the underlying meaning of which was subsequently reinforced by the addition of piss to give pismire, which again survived dialectally into the 20th century.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Ant — Ant·a·buse; ant·ambulacral; ant·apex; ant·arc·ta·lian; ant·arctic; ant·arc·ti·ca; ant·arc·to·gae·an; ant; ant·bird; ant·echi·no·mys; ant·echi·nus; ant·ep·ir·rhe·ma; ant·er·gic; ant·he·li·on; ant·hill; ant·ing; ant·ler; ant·lered; ant·ler·ite;… …   English syllables

  • ANT+ — (по другому ANT + или ANT Plus) технология беспроводной защищеной передачи данных ориентированная на использование в спортивном оборудовании (пульсомеры, велокомпьютеры и т.д.).[1] [2] Содержание 1 Применение 2 Альянс ANT+ …   Википедия

  • ant-s —     ant s     English meaning: forward, before, outer side     Deutsche Übersetzung: “Vorderseite, Stirn”     Material: O.Ind. ánta ḥ “ end, border, edge “ (therefrom antya ḥ “ the last “); Alb. (*ánta) ana ‘side, end”. Gk. gen. sg. κάταντες ( …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • Ant — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ANT — steht für: Analysentechnik, siehe Geschichte der Chemie#Die Entwicklung der Analysentechnik Air North (ICAO Code), eine kanadische Fluggesellschaft Antigua und Barbuda (IOC Länderkürzel) Niederländische Antillen (ISO 3166 Länderkürzel) von Andrei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ant — Ant, n. [OE. ante, amete, emete, AS. [ae]mete akin to G. ameise. Cf. {Emmet}.] (Zo[ o]l.) A hymenopterous insect of the Linn[ae]an genus {Formica}, which is now made a family of several genera; an emmet; a pismire. [1913 Webster] Note: Among ants …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ant- — ↑ anti (1). * * * ant , Ant : ↑ anti , Anti . * * * ant , Ant : ↑anti , ↑Anti (1). an|ti , An|ti , (vor Vokalen u. gelegentlich vor h:) ant , Ant [griech. antí]: 1. bedeutet in Bildungen mit Substantiven od. Adjektiven gegen[über] …   Universal-Lexikon

  • -ant — ant, ante ❖ ♦ Suffixe d adjectifs, de même origine (lat. antem, terminaison à l accusatif du p. prés. en ans) que le morphème du p. prés. du verbe, ant, invar. en genre et en nombre. || Ex. : une fusée éclairante (adj.); la lampe éclairant la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ant — (с англ. муравей), Ants и аббревиатура ANT может относится к: ANT является собственническим протоколом беспроводной сенсорной сети позволяющий работать устройства на частоте 2.4 ГГц промышленного, научного и медицинского распределения… …   Википедия

  • -ant — [ant], der; en, en <Suffix>: besagt, dass das im Basiswort Genannte von der so bezeichneten männlichen Person ausgeführt, ausgeübt wird: aktivische Bedeutung; Basiswort ist meist ein Verb auf »ieren«> /Ggs. and/: a) <verbale Basis> …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ant... — ant...1, Ant...1 〈Vorsilbe〉 = ante..., Ante... ant...2, Ant...2 〈Vorsilbe〉 = anti..., Anti... * * * ant...   [griechisch], anti …   Universal-Lexikon

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